Amfas Tech | Technology, Blogging & Internet Marketing: Windows 7

How to Backup Your Data When Windows is Not Loading

Sometimes Windows operating system will not boot up because of various reasons. This will block the access to your data on the hard drive. Taking it to the technician, you would get bashed with the charges for the service, especially for the data recovery service.

 

The valid reason for Windows operating system not loading is the malicious software program that you have installed on the computer before you shut it down last time. The malicious program might have destroyed the files related to Windows boot up.

 

Another reason that sounds like backstabbing is that when changing operating system. When there is a need to change the operating system on the computer and you are already half way close to complete the installation, the disk will not let you proceed. What actually happens here is that after formatting the disk partition to have a clean installation, it will show an error saying, “Windows cannot be installed to this disk. The selected disk is of the GPT partition style.”

 

Changing the format of the disk from one format to another will erase the data on any other partition completely on the hard drive. This will lead to data loss.

 

Don’t even think of recovering the data later. Because, changing the disk format will disturb the file storing table structure which is needed to be constant for any recovering tool or software to recover the data that is deleted/formatted.

 

Don’t lose hope. Hang in there. There is a way to back your data on to external hard drive or thumb drive without using any 3rd party software or hardware tool. To do this process, you would need a Windows operating system DVD or bootable USB drive.

 

Backing up your data on to external drive

Warning: We are going to use some advanced techniques using command prompt in this process. Doing them wrong might destroy your data and hard drive. So, I advice you to only proceed if you can analyze and understand the information that is shown on the command prompt screen.

 

Step 1: Insert the OS DVD or bootable drive and boot into it (go to ‘boot options’ while booting and choose the DVD RAM/Removable Drive).

 

Step 2: Proceed till you see ‘Install Windows’ button on the screen. Now press ‘Shift+F10’ to open Command Prompt(CMD).

 

Step 3: Now connect your external drive through USB port and type ‘Diskpart’ command in the prompt and hit ‘Enter’.

 

command-prompt-diskpart

 

Step 4: Now type ‘list volume’ command to see all your disk drives that are connected to your computer. Check if you can see the external drive connected. Let us suppose the external partition drive letter be ‘F:\’.

 

Note: If you are sure about the external drive, then you can proceed with the process. If the external drive is not detected, try to change the USB port and if it still don’t work, try another external drive.

 

Step 5: Now go to source drive/partition where the data you needed to backup exists. For example, if you have your data in D:\ drive, type ‘D:’ and hit ‘Enter’.

 

Step 6: You have to be precise while backing up data as there may not be much storage available on external drive. So, check what folder you wanted to back up. To see all files and folders on the D:\ drive, type ‘dir’ and hit ‘Enter’.

 

Step 7: Now enter the following command to copy the entire folder and subfolders to the external drive. Let us suppose the source folder to be backed up be ‘MyData’ on D:\ drive. Then the command would be,

 

xcopy D:\MyData F:\ /E

 

It will copy all the files, folders and subfolders from the specified source to specified destination. It is from ‘MyData’ folder on ‘D:\’ drive to external drive ‘F:\’ in our case.

 

Let the copy finish and notify you a message on the prompt. When it is done, enter into another drive and repeat the same process. When you are done backing up all the required files and folders, go to external drive and confirm if the backed up files exists or not using ’dir’ command.

 

You may use other corresponding letters instead of /E at the end of the command. Here are what you can use and what they mean,

 

/P - Prompts you before creating each destination file.
 
/S - Copies directories and subdirectories except empty ones.
/E - Copies directories and subdirectories, including empty ones. Same as /S /E. May be used to modify /T.
/V - Verifies each new file.
/W - Prompts you to press a key before copying.
/C - Continues copying even if errors occur.
/I

- If destination does not exist and copying more than one file, assumes that destination must be a directory.

/Q - Does not display file names while copying.
/F - Displays full source and destination file names while copying.
/L - Displays files that would be copied.
/H - Copies hidden and system files also.
/R - Overwrites read-only files.
/T

- Creates directory structure, but does not copy files. Does not include empty directories or subdirectories. /T /E includes empty directories and subdirectories.

/U - Copies only files that already exist in destination.
/K - Copies attributes. Normal Xcopy will reset read-only attributes.
/N - Copies using the generated short names.
/O - Copies file ownership and ACL information.
/X - Copies file audit settings (implies /O).
/Y

- Suppresses prompting to confirm you want to overwrite an existing destination file.

/-Y

- Causes prompting to confirm you want to overwrite an existing destination file.

/Z - Copies networked files in restartable mode.

 

Once the files and folders are backed up, you can convert the hard drive format (in case of GPT partition error) and fresh install Windows again.

 

Comment below if you face any problems in this process. I will be sharing the possible solution at my reach.

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Windows 10 is Free to Upgrade for Windows 7,8 and 8.1 Users

Microsoft at Windows 10 event shares the good news to Windows 7,8 and 8.1 users about the giving away of free upgrade to Windows 10.

 

Windows users will get this free upgrade valid for one year. Upgrading again for free after that will give them a lifetime upgrade for that device.

 

Microsoft is looking forward to increase their userbase for their future versions of the software. May be this time, they don’t wanted to loose old, loyal customers for a whole new technological advancement they have brought in the form of metro tiles.

 

Microsoft_Windows10

 

As said in the past in the release event technical preview, Windows 10 is going to be the OS for all devices. So, the free upgrade will be valid for mobile devices also.

 

Is Microsoft afraid of Mac OS?

Windows 10 looks and feels a little like Mac OS. Those who had their hands on it by now would have noticed it already. The implementation of endless(frameless) windows with fade-in and out effect and shadow effect for windows shows as if Microsoft is following the Mac OS design trends.

 

The giving away of free upgradation for their ‘new age’ operating system for their old customers also shows the same.

 

What do you think?

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Do you know that your Operating System can expire?

Everything has a lifecycle on this planet. Just like that, Every Windows operating system you are using has a lifecycle. The life cycle of an operating system starts when it is released and ends when the support is stopped. So far you have seen the most loved operating system, Windows XP getting expired on April 8th this year. Microsoft have ended support for Windows XP lately and made available the self-support guide for personal troubleshooting your XP.

It is important and necessary to know the expiry dates of an operating system that we are using which helps us to plan for the upgrade in right time. The following are the expiry dates of Microsoft’s operating systems for your reference.

Client operating systems Latest update or service pack End of mainstream support End of extended support
Windows XP
Service Pack 3
April 14, 2009
April 8, 2014
Windows Vista
Service Pack 2
April 10, 2012
April 11, 2017
Windows 7 *
Service Pack 1
January 13, 2015
January 14, 2020
Windows 8
Windows 8.1
January 9, 2018
January 10, 2023
To download the service packs for respective operating systems, go to windows.microsoft.com/en-in/windows/lifecycle and click on respective download link specified.

What is end of support means?

End of support means Microsoft no longer provides, service packs, patches and any other security updates or even online technical assistance regarding that particular operating system. When you are not receiving security updates and patches from Microsoft, there is an elevated scope of being attacked by new viruses, malware and hackers that can steal your personal and sensitive information from your computer.

How to know your operating system?

After reading the expiry dates of operating systems, your would have wanted to know your operating system on your computer. To know your operating system, Right Click on Computer > Properties.

Note: If you are still using Windows 7 RTM, its time to upgrade it with latest service pack as the support for RTM version of windows 7 was already expired an year ago.

What to do if your operating system is expired?

If your operating is expired or coming nearer to the end of support date, that means its time to upgrade your operating system with latest service pack or operating system of a whole. To get the updates for your OS, go to windows.microsoft.com/en-in/windows/service-packs-download#sptabs=win8 and download the respective update and install it.

Final words

The reason why companies end support for their older operating systems is because of the un-solvable critical issues raised regarding the security and usability of the operating system. So it is better updating our computers from time to time to keep our data secured.

Are your still using expired operating systems? what problems do you get using it? share your experiences with Windows operating systems with us.
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The Ultimate Guide for Buying a Laptop 2014

When you wanted to buy a laptop, what is that you see in it before buying? design? processor capability? technology it uses? or the face of the seller?

In fact, it is statistically proven that 9% of the people who go to a retail shop to buy a laptop by getting convinced by the retailers with some sort of products that gives them best profit. Another statistical fact says that 33% of the people blindly go with the retailer’s choice than their own.

There is a difference between the two lines said above. First line talks about those who wanted to buy a laptop with known configurations but don’t know what to go for and the second line talks about people who wanted to buy a laptop buy don’t know how to choose one. Finally, it says that only 67% are wise enough to buy a laptop to their own wish and requirement.

laptop-buying-chart

Buying a laptop isn’t that hard. All you need is an idea of what you wanted in it. Also you need to have an idea of the prices of the products for various hardware configurations. The same product can be tagged at two different prices of $399 and $299 for example. Buying it for lower prices doesn’t make you a clever and the one who bought it for higher price a fool. What matters here is the configuration you bought it for.

Why do you need a laptop?

The only important thing you should consider is ‘necessity’. You would need a tool when there is a work to do with it. So, identify your necessity and assess the software and hardware requirements. The sizes and features can also be considered in your requirements. Choose to buy one that fits your needs which of some are shown below.

For All purpose

If you want to buy a laptop for everyday tasks, you can consider buying a 15 inch laptop that can easily be carried around everywhere. You may also choose to buy a 11 or 13 inch light weight laptop with moderate configuration that fits to accomplish your daily tasks. Depending on the gaming and graphics you need, laptops defer in costs and performance.

The ideal configuration for all purpose laptops without much gaming and graphics is:

Processor : Intel Core 2 Duo
RAM           : 4GB
Display    : 15 inch
Graphics : Inbuilt Graphics up to 1GB
HDD           : 500GB

The ideal configuration for all purpose laptop with moderate gaming and graphics is:

Processor : Intel Core i5
RAM           : 6GB
Display     : 15 inch
Graphics : Intel Graphics GPU up to 2GB video memory.
HDD           : 500GB

For Business

If you want to buy a laptop that can process your business tasks like creating and editing documents, spreadsheets and presentations, you need a laptop with good keyboard, durable design and sharp screen. A business laptop should also be slim and light weighted in design that can fit in the bag you carry around documents with in.

The ideal configuration for a business laptop is:

Processor  : Intel Core 2 Duo or Intel Core i3
RAM             : 4GB
Display       : 15 inch or any portable size
Graphics    : Inbuilt is sufficient
HDD             : 500GB or more
Keyboard  : Non Chiclet keyboard with LED backlit

Try to buy one with strong keyboard as you can’t drag out the external keyboard from your bag every time and everywhere.

For Gaming

If you want to buy a laptop that supports high-end gaming, you should opt for one with equally high-end configuration. You need discrete graphics, a high resolution anti-glare screen and powerful speakers on the go. For more best gaming experience, you may have to spend more on configuration.

The ideal configuration for a gaming laptop is:

Processor : Intel Core i7
RAM            : 8GB and more preferable
Display      : 17 inch or more
Graphics  : Dedicated GPU (preferably dual cards) with dynamic video memory
HDD            : 750GB or more
Speakers  : Powerful
Battery     : Powerful long lasting battery

Choose a laptop that serves best in creating Gaming laptops.

For Multimedia Work

If you wanted a laptop to edit multimedia content like photos, videos and graphical illustrations, you need a laptop with powerful processor, discrete graphics, solid SSD hard drive and a full HD high resolution display. Moreover, prepare to spend for the best required configuration as it may cost a bit higher than you expected.

The ideal configuration for a Multimedia laptop is:

Processor : Intel Core i7
RAM            : 12GB
Display      : 15-17 inch HD display
Graphics : High-end dedicated graphics GPU with dynamic video memory
HDD           : 500GB SSD
Battery     : Powerful long lasting battery

The SSD type of hard disk constitutes the 25% of the price of the laptop as it is the latest technology that allows faster data reading and writing speeds.

For Kids/Internet Usage

If you want to buy a laptop for internet browsing or for kids, you can go with low cost laptop like Chromebook that runs on Google browser centric OS. You may also find a laptop with Windows around $35 instead.

The ideal configuration for a basic usage laptop is:

Processor : Intel Pentium Dual Core or Core 2 Duo
RAM           : 2GB
Display     : 13 or 15 inch display
Graphics  : Inbuilt is sufficient
HDD           : 250GB

You may choose your own configuration in buying a laptop. The intention of writing this article is to help you not to put your laptop buying decision in the hands of a seller. Hope this article gave you some idea about laptop types and their configurations.

Please like & share this article to your friends and help them buying a laptop with best configuration for their needs.
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Resolving ‘Windows Not Genuine’ Problem

So many of us have been customized to use pirated software. There are two problems of using a pirated software. You might have easily got an ISO file of it in a torrent site but it is as harmful as easily available. A pirated software will be hacked to use limitlessly and it cannot be trusted on our computers. The hacker might have injected harmful code and have modified major security areas of the operating system in favor to him.
 
While buying computers, we care only about hardware more than software. We are pretty much aware of the fact that software costs a bit high and the computer price might go tall when genuine software is preferred. You may not want to care about genuinity of the rest of the software but you should be careful about operating system at least. Most of the operating systems people use today in the world are not genuine and so exposing themselves to brutal hacks. Yes I mean it!
 
Windows XP is the most hacked operating system in the world and so Microsoft took over XP for its incurable vulnerabilities. Hacked versions are distributed in the name of genuine versions over the globe. These operating systems work fine until windows try to download updates and security patches from Microsoft (Stopping downloading updates to your operating system except in limited internet accessibility is not recommended at all). Before downloading updates to a operating system, Microsoft updates manager check for the genuinity of the OS and if it is found to be a pirated one shows up a message on the right bottom of the screen saying “You might be the victim of software counterfeiting. Ask for genuine Microsoft windows.”
 
wga-windows
 
If you see this message on your computer screen, that means its time to buy a genuine operating system. You may contact your retailer from whom you bought computer if wanted. Besides buying a new operating system, you may want to use your computer without ‘windows not genuine’ message popping up every time you boot it. At those critical emergency times, use the following technique to resolve the issue.
 

Resolving Windows Not Genuine Message

Windows Genuine Advantage tool is responsible for handling windows genuinity issues. It is responsible for displaying the messages while booting and when on desktop. If we could perform a little hack on this, we could overcome the problem of genuinely messages.
 
Note: Remember we don’t support any illegal or pirated versions of software download and installations. We are not making Windows genuine in this article but just trying to overcome the difficulty with popped messages in urgent times.
 
 
Step 1: Press Ctrl+Alt+Del to open task manager. Find WgaTray.exe in the running processes and end it.
Step 2: Go to Windows installed drive and navigate to this path: C:\Windows\system32
Step 3: Find WgaLogOn.dll and WgaTray.exe files from System32 folder and rename them.
 
If you can’t find the extension for the WgaTray file, got to tools > folder options > view > untick ‘hide extensions from file types’.
 
That’s it go back to your desktop and continue with your work. But don’t forget to get a genuine operating system.
 
Note: As said earlier, this is not the process of activating or making windows genuine. Renaming Windows Genuine Advantage tool is a threat to security of windows operating system. Working on WGA tool disabled operating system is not recommended.
 
The following are the list of operating systems and their respective prices:
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How to Listen to Your Own Voice in Windows 7 or Windows 8

Do you ever wanted to listen to your own voice by enabling a simple option on your computer or laptop? Do you ever find it difficult giving a oral presentation without a microphone setup separately? If you answer is yes, I have a one stop solution for your problem here with me. You no need to have separate microphone setup for this. Just sit back relaxing and follow my instructions as shown below.

Step 1: Go to Control Panel and click on Hardware and Sound.

Control panel

Step 2: Now click on Manage Audio Devices under Sound category.

manage_audio_devices

Step 3: Switch to Recording tab from the Playback tab which is shown by default.

Recording

Step 4: Right-click on the Microphone > Go to Properties.

microphone properties

Step 5: Switch to Listen tab > tick the Listen to this device option > Apply > Ok.

listen_tab

Step 6: Test your voice with your web cam’s or headphone’s microphone.

Enjoy!
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How to Install Windows 7 or 8 in Linpus Linux machine?

Some new laptops comes along with Linpus Linux operating system. Though this Linux version of the operating system will not have features like Windows, people still choose to buy laptops with Linpus versions. The reason why, is the bottom line of the story, ‘to reduce price'. Laptops with Windows versions literally costs 4-5k extra bucks over the Linpus version of Linux.

Buying a product with desired configuration and for lesser price than the actual is a smart move. But remember, the smartness lasts till you don’t spend an extra rupee/dollar after that. If you are not familiar with Linux, you would find it difficult installing Windows operating system in Linpus environment and would regret buying the machine for a second.

I’ve faced such problem once and found a simple solution after a lot googling. The Linpus machine would take you to some where after the boot that makes you feel casted away. Don’t worry, the process will go smooth and will pick you up from the casted away island.

Booting in Windows environment

Before you boot your computer in Windows environment, make sure you had the bootable Windows 7 or 8 DVD or any other similar source for booting Windows.

 

  1. Restart your computer by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del in Linpus environment.
  2. Keep pressing F2 or any other similar button that brings up BIOS options. Look for boot priority settings and change the first boot priority to ‘DVDRAM’ if you are using OS DVD or ‘Removable Media’ if you are using Bootable USB.
  3. Insert DVD into DVDRAM or plugin Bootable USB to the computer.
  4. Save settings and exit. The computer will restart and while booting it will ask you to hit any button to boot computer with DVD you have inserted(In some laptops, the ‘press any key to boot into DVD’ text may not be shown. Instead, a blank underscore(_) will be shown blinking for a couple of seconds. In that case also, press a key within 2 or 3 seconds).
  5. Then your computer will be booted into Windows environment. Don’t rush to the drive options and format the drive or delete the partition.
Note: Remember that you can boot into Windows environment but the actions on drive or drive partitions will not be considered.

Formatting Linux Partitions with Windows

Booting into Windows environment alone won’t bring you full control over your computer. Remember that the hard disk would be formatted with Linux before Linpus installed in it. So to install Windows, we must re-format it in Windows environment.

Formatting options that are available while installing Windows 7 or 8 aren’t helpful at all.  You must format the Linux partitioned HDD with Windows command prompt. To do so,
  1. Restart the computer into Windows environment again.
  2. Wait until the ‘Install Windows’ screen is shown.
  3. Press Shift+F10 to bring up the command prompt.
  4. Now type the following commands one after another,Type ‘diskpart’ and hit enter. A new DISKPART prompt will be opened.
    Type ‘help’ and hit enter.
diskpart command help

All the commands for DISKPART will be shown. Of them, we’ll be using SELECT command only. Using of other command options are up to you.

Type ‘select disk 0’ and hit enter. (disk 0 means disk zero).
Now type ‘clean’ and hit enter. This command will clean all the previous formats that are made using different other operating systems.

Close the command prompt window and proceed to the windows installation. Now format, delete or create partitions as per your requirement.

Please like and share this article if it helped you! Comment below if you had any problems regarding the processes.
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Hacking Windows 8 or 7 Administrator Account through Command Prompt

We have discussed about bypassing login password of Windows 8 or 7 so far. It was a method to get back your password forgotten windows account. But this trick is somewhat different. It is like changing Windows users passwords a bit but in a total geeky way.

This method of changing passwords for different users(including administrator) is useful when he/she forgets the password for his/her local windows account. It is not recommended to use it for illegal purposes.

All you have to do is open CMD with Administrator privileges and type the following command:

net user [username]

Replace [username] with the local username of your computer and Hit Enter. You will be shown the information related to that user. That information includes the following data,


You can notice the detail 'User may change password' set to 'Yes' from the above screenshot. If this is set to 'No' it is not possible to do this hack. Here you should also notice the detail showing 'Local Group Memberships' with 'Administrators' privileges. So it means, I'm allowed to change the password for this administrator account.

After you make sure it is allowed to change the password, type the following command to perform the hack.

net user [username] *

Replace [username] with local username and Hit enter. You will be asked to enter new password, type a new password and press enter. Then asks you to confirm the password, enter it again and hit enter to finish the process. If you have successfully entered the same password twice, it will show you a success message saying 'The command completed successfully' as shown in the screenshot below.


Remember, when entering the new password, blank spaces will be shown for characters you enter. Don't get panic when you notice this.

You can change password for any account like this by just replacing the username with the local user account name.

This method is dangerous sometimes. You may lost access to your computer and data when you give your PC into wrong hands. So be careful with whom you give your computer to.
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6 Reasons Why People Hate to Upgrade from Windows XP

Microsoft had announced the ending of support for Windows XP from April 8th 2014. XP is the most successful product from Microsoft and so it is the most used operating system in the world. Microsoft alone is advancing with the latest upgrades and releases of windows operating systems but not the people. Most of the computer users are still using Windows XP on their computers.

The news was leaked a year ago before the official announcement and spread in media. Microsoft made it official earlier this year.

The company is much concerned about the security vulnerabilities that are existed in XP and says that they cannot be solved with security patches which were released so far and further.

The ending of support for XP raised voices against Microsoft. People, who till then were so get used to the most successful operating system are not ready for this. I have discussed about the news with some of Windows Xp users and found 10 reasons why people hate to upgrade from XP.

1. People get used to XP


The era of Xp introduced computers to every home. Every common man started learning how to operate a computer with Xp installed. They have done A-B-C-D and A-P-P-L-E on Xp itself. The word 'computer' gives them a picture of green meadows with blue sky and clouds and it is strongly fixed in their minds. 

People those who grew up older with Xp couldn't inherit the changes the tech world is making. So they don't like their computers be spoiled with unknown new operating system upgrades.

2. Upgrading XP is upgrading the hardware


Windows Xp runs on the system with minimal hardware configuration. As there are minimal graphics in the UI of the best operating system, it works best on computers that are a decade older. 

When the Xp has to be upgraded, the computer has to be upgraded with the hardware too. Let's suppose a Windows Xp computer with 1Ghz speed processor and 512 RAM. If it has to be upgraded to Windows 7 or Windows 8, the RAM should be upgraded to 1GB at least. So upgrading the existing operating system would weigh a extra burden for computes with low hardware configuration.

3. Upgrading XP is upgrading the application software

People usually use older versions of the software with the older operating systems. The newer version of the third party application software need newer versions of the OS to be installed on. The older operating systems may not have the frameworks, or other supporting software upgrades which are essential in installing their latest versions. 

If you wanted to use an application software that need .Net framework 4.5 version installed on it, Xp would be the total incompatible platform.

Upgrading Xp would increase the sub-costs of upgrading software which can go high based on requirements. Due to increase in the cost of upgradation, users step back of it.

4. Upgrading XP is upgrading you brain


Upgrading from windows Xp is not just upgrading your hardware and software, you should also upgrade your brain to use the later versions.

Users who are customized to use Xp will find difficult using Windows 7 or 8. Particularly, old people who has worked their whole work life with Xp cannot easily adhere to new versions. The scenario turns total converse in case of smart kids who grew up playing on Xp. So older people would hate the upgrade as my dad's doing so with Windows 8 on our home computer.

5. Upgrading XP is upgrading MS Office


Microsoft also announced the ending of support for MS Office 2003 along with Xp. So one must upgrade to later versions of MS Office along with the Windows. It may or may not add a separate burden on the upgrade costs but it would certainly decrease the productivity of the employees who are accustomed to MS Office 2003. MS Office 2013, the latest version of office software would take some more time to get used to, comparing with 2007 and 2010 versions.

6. Upgrading XP needs extra bucks for maintenance


Above 90 percent of the government and private organizations running their systems on XP. Over 95% of the ATM machines are running on XP all over the world. The upgrade message is really a bad news for them. As Microsoft has decided to end support for Xp, organizations can't risk the security of the people money in ATMs and so they have to be upgraded. The expenses that costs for upgrade would flow a tsunami wave of revenue for Microsoft but it also would effect the organizations financially. This might have an impact on the bonuses and salary hikes for employees. This much loss is enough to be despicable. 

Apart from all the hatred reasons, upgrading software and hardware of your computer would bring more security to your data and speed up the workflow. If calculated, Windows 8 could complete half above the tasks more than that of Xp in a unit measurable time. Upgrade your system sooner and walk along with the tech world.
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How to Bypass Windows 8, 7 or Vista Login Password?

Have you forgot the login password of your computer running on Windows 8, 7 or Vista? So what are you going to do? Believe me pal! changing operating system is not answer to every computer problem. Just follow the instructions below to get your computer back to your control.

Bypassing Computer Login Password

Forgetfulness is normal to an average human being. Don't curse yourself or squeeze out the most of your password memories. Booting your computer in Safe Mode would help solve your problem. 
  • Restart the computer and press F8 while booting up. This will bring you advanced boot options menu. Choose Safe Mode with Command Prompt from the available options. This will boot you up into Safe Mode with a Command Prompt.
  • Now type net user Administrator /active:yes in the prompt and hit Enter. This will show you the status "Command Completed Successfully" on successful execution.


  • Now restart the system by using system -r command. 
  • After restart, you will notice Administrator account being visible along with your password-forgotten account. Now login into your Administrator account which is not password protected by default (or If you have set any Administrator password previously, Enter it and log in).

Here comes the next important part of recovering your lost account. You can change the password of your lost account and it doesn't need any idea of previous password. To do so,

  • Right-Click on My Computer and Click on Manage. 
  • Click to expand Local Users and Groups.
  • Double-Click on Users. This will show you the list of users on your computer.
  • Right-Click on the account you have forgotten the password for. Then click on Set Password. You will be shown a prompt asking for New Password. Enter the new password twice and click Ok.
Now you have successfully changed the password for password-forgotten account. You can logoff from Administrator account and login into your original account now.

As the Administrator account gives access to your computer and allows you to change the password for lost accounts, it is some what vulnerable. So it's better to turn off Administrator account after you are done with recovery. To do so, 

  • Open CMD > Run as Adminstrator > type 'net user Administrator /active:no'. This will hide the Administrator account from being visible in the log in area.
You can also set a password for your Administrator account to protect it from unauthorized access. The choice to choose a password for this account is left to you only as it may also be forgotten in future. If it happens so, the only way that helps you get back your computer safe is running a password reset disk. So create a password reset disk before you fall into pit again.

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How to play XBox360 games on your computer

It is not appropriate to expect every gamer having an XBox gaming machine. But, every gamer would dream of playing XBox games at least once in his life time. It is not that difficult now as XBox 360 emulator is available on the internet now. You can download it from the following links,

 

Download link 1 (Mediafire)

Download link 2 (Official)

 

As this emulator is still the beta version, you may need to download map along with the BIOS files before you run the emulator.

 

xbox-360-emulator

 

You can download the BIOS files from this link. Paste the downloaded map in the emulator directory and run the emulator.

 

Remember, you need to have an original XBox 360 game DVD or ISO copy of the game.

 

Who developed XBox 360 emulator?

This XBox 360 Emulator project started development since late 2011. The following teams contributed their crucial part in developing the emulator.

 

Gr33nHat - Mastermind of the project & always kept the team together.
IamBlackhatter - Making the GUI interface.
Souldetective - Resolution debugging (pain in the a$$!)
Tykoon123 - EpoK fixes and support for MAC
Ccshack - Reverse engineering codecs for video & audio.
Robbang - Finding op codes for online play(not yet released!)

 

System Requirements

The emulator developers specifies a rough estimate of system requirements for an XBox 360 emulator. They are as follows:

 

Minimum:

OS: Windows XP, Vista or Windows 7
Processor: Core 2 Duo 2.4 GHz or Althon X2 2.7 GHz
RAM: 2GB
Graphic card: ATI Radeon 3870 or higher, Nvidia GeForce 8800 GT or higher.
Graphics card memory: 512 MB

 

Recommended:

OS: Windows XP, Vista or Windows 7
Processor: Hexacore Intel or AMD CPU 3.33 gHz or higher.
RAM: 4GB
Graphic card: Nvidia GeForce GTX 560 or ATI Radeon 6950 or higher.
Graphics card memory: 1 GB

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What to do when your computer hangs? | DIY guide

One of the most commonly happening problems with computers for any computer user is hanging. It annoys when the computer hangs while we are working really important on it. The amount of work we’ve been working on till then would be swiped off if we go through a restart. So how to keep it safe? read on.

computer-freezes

How to keep it safe?

‘Prevention is the better than cure’ is the motto of the most of the medical mysteries. It applies when it comes to computers too. Do make it a habit of saving your work time to time you make changes to it.

If you are victimized to the computer hanging and found this article on searching for solution  without laying your hands after the hang, you need to do the following to keep it safe it as best as you can.

Have you tried accessing the task manager?

Not yet? try accessing the task manager by pressing Ctrl+Shift+Esc button combo to get the task manager only. To get other options like ‘restart’, ‘shutdown’ and ‘logoff’ along with the task manager press Ctrl+Alt+Del. Task manager will be opened with any of the combos. Find the application that is troubling you and end it from being run. Wait a second and see if this could help you get back to your work. If the hanging is relieved, first thing you have to do is save your work and close the program. [If this solved your problem, skip to the ‘common thing to do’ at the end of the article]

If you are not able to access your task manager, this might be caused due to virus in your computer. There is no hope of guarantee of your work or information to be saved from this hurdle. Though, let’s give it a try.

Have you tried waiting till the program respond?

If you never did this just as I do in such cases, you should read this. If the computer hangs due to a program and you can recognize it and you can’t access your task manger due to viruses in your computer, simply right click on the program in the task bar and click close it a couple of times till end program dialogue comes. End the program and wait a sec till the hang relieves. [If this solved your problem, skip to the ‘common thing to do’ at the end of the article]

If the program your are working on itself is responsible for hanging, try your luck hard. Read the following.

How much do you know about the software program you are working on?

If you are sure that your software program that you are working on would recover changes and can auto save your work, you are lucky enough to close it or restart your computer once. the auto save feature would save at least some part of the work or information we worked on. If you don’t know much about your software program, make your heart hard and restart the system. [If this solved your problem, skip to the ‘common thing to do’ at the end of the article]

Common thing to do

You problem may have been solved by any of the above cases or another case, the common thing your have to do is restart your system once after the hang is relieved. It makes your computer re-run the hanging tasks and keep it fresh while using again.

Scan you computer for viruses with your antivirus software. Don’t forget to keep your antivirus virus definition database up to date.

(or)


If you facing this hanging problem while restarting, do this,
Press F8 or similar to boot in to ‘Safe Mode’. When the desktop appears, press Win+R to go ‘Run’ window, type ‘msconfig’ and press ‘Enter’. This will open a window of the services those start with the Windows boot. Find the trouble making applications, ‘uncheck’ them to remove them running from boot.

(or)

Simply go to control panel and uninstall them. This is much easier than any other technique.

If you got any other problem with computer hanging and you think these haven’t solved your problem. Post a comment below and I will try my best to help you!
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What to do when Device Manager is not working

Device manager is what that shows you the list of hardware devices running on your computer. These settings sometimes give us trouble by not opening and there by not allowing us to access the hardware device configurations on the computer.

 

Try the following Scenarios to open the device manager if it is not allowing you to open it through control panel or from the my computer properties.

 

Scenario 1:

If you are using Windows 7 or 8, type devmgmt.msc in the search box and the open the program.

or

Find the devmgmt.msc program in C:\WINDOWS\system32\devmgmt.msc location and run the program.

or

Click Win+R to open the run command window and enter C:\WINDOWS\system32\devmgmt.msc into it and hit Enter.

If scenario 1 solves your problem, skip to the ‘must do’ section of this article!

Scenario 2:

If the above scenario can’t solve your problem that means you have corrupted files on your computer that is resisting the devmgmt.msc program to open.

 

System File Checker(SFC.exe) would solve your problem with corrupted files and programs. To run this, type cmd in the start menu search, Right-click on it and run as administrator.

After the command prompt opens in administrator mode, Enter sfc /scannow command.

 

Enter sfc /scannow command

 

The sfc /scannow command will scan all protected system files, and replace corrupted files with a cached copy that is located in a compressed folder at %WinDir%\System32\dllcache.

 

The %WinDir% placeholder represents the Windows operating system folder. For example, C:\Windows.

 

Must do

Try opening the device manager now. If this still doesn’t work, scan your computer with your updated antivirus software and repair your operating system if you think it is needed.


Note Do not close this Command Prompt window until the verification is 100% complete. The scan results will be shown after this process is finished.

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Hide Folders Using Recycle Bin Technique in Windows

Hiding folders from unauthorized access would be even easier than ever now. You no need to download any extra tool or extension for doing this. You might have already tried renaming the folder with no name by using ‘Alt+255’ trick. You can just hide the folder by disguising it with the recycle bin. Simply follow the procedure I’ve shown below.

 

Hide Folders Using Recycle Bin Technique in Windows

 

Press F2 or Right Click and select Rename to rename the folder you wanted to hide.

Right after the folder name, paste the following extension .{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}. For e.g., If we suppose the folder name as ‘New Folder’, just rename it as New Folder.{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E} and save it.

 

You will see the folder turning into a clone of recycle bin. Don’t worry your data would be safe in there and you can get it back by renaming it. To do that select folder, press F2 and paste ren FolderName.{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E} FolderName.

 

Replace FolderName to the name of the folder you wanted to restore it into. Try this trick with different renaming tricks and post a comment of thanks if you liked this trick.

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Remove Virus from your Computer without using Antivirus

The typical part of computer security involves the removal of the brutal viruses from it. Computer viruses cannot be stopped as long as the technology advances. There is no such antivirus software that removes the 100% computer viruses. No such patches, versions or updates of the antivirus software are existed yet and not expected too. So how to remove virus from the computer if antivirus can’t help you at most? The answer for this question exists since command prompt born. You can easily remove virus from the hard drive or your removable drive by using simple CMD commands.

Remove Virus from your Computer without using Antivirus
Step 1: Open Command Prompt in your computer (Press ‘Win+r’ and type ‘cmd’).

Step 2: Select the virus effected drive. For eg., say D: drive is effected with virus, to enter into it simply type d: , then you will be entered into d: drive.

Step 3: View all files in it by typing dir command. Then type attrib –s –h *.* /s /d command  and press enter to view all the system and hidden files which may not show up with dir command.

Step 4: Identify the odd .exe file(s) which is suspectable and an autorun.inf file(s) that runs the virus executable file.

Step 5: Rename the autorun.inf file to a random name by using rename command. The rename command would look like this,
rename autotun.inf sdfasdf
The new renamed file name can be anything of your choice.

Step 6: Now navigate to d: drive and check extra renamed unknown file format and a .exe file with some weird name(You may find more renamed unknown format files as well as .exe files if you found more than one type of virus in Step 3). Shift+ Delete those files from the memory.

If you can’t find odd executable files in your computer and wanted to format it to clean the drive, at least rescue your infected data from viruses before you format it.

Congratulations! You’re done! Your drive is free from viruses now. Though antiviruses can’t remove 100% virus fro your computer, it would be better to have one as to protect your computer precautionary.

Comment below if you have any queries regarding the virus removal. I will try to help you utmost.
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Windows 7 Sleep Mode Not Active [Solved]

Sleep mode is a great feature of Windows 7 PCs and laptops to pause the work for sometime and resume it again without wasting much power. Some computers running on Windows 7 would not show up or just fade out the sleep option. This would be a serious issue when talking about the laptops. One cannot afford to loose the battery power of laptop in continual work timings. Sometimes computers will automatically and immediately awakes from sleep mode without our intervention. To avoid these sleep problems with your windows 7 computer, check if any of the following methods would help you get back the control over it.

Method 1: Update Drivers

Drivers issue would be the most silly cause in fading out the sleep option. Most of us don’t care updating drivers of the motherboard for Windows 7. I recommend you to update or reinstall the drivers after immediate installation of the operating system. Most particularly, don’t forget to update or re-install video card drivers on your system.

In the most cases, this method would solve your problem.

Method 2: Configuring Power Options

If the method 1 is not helpful for you then immediately you must check your power options.

Click on start and type sleep in the search box. Then click on Change when the computer sleeps option.

Windows 7 Sleep Mode

Now set put computer to sleep to some time, say 15 minutes just as in my case. Never set it to Never option.

Windows 7 Sleep Mode settings

Your power settings might show different other options like brightness and display dim. These options are totally left to your choice.

Now go to advanced power settings. Expand Sleep  make sure allow awake timers is set to disable.
Windows 7 Sleep Mode Not Active

Scroll down to the multimedia settings, expand when sharing media and set the option to allow computer to sleep.

Method 3: Disable Wake Up Computer Devices

Click on start, type cmd. Right click on the cmd and choose run as administrator.

Now type the following command which lists out all devices and wakes up our computer.

powercfg –devicequery wake_armed
Now you can disable a device by typing in the following command and replacing devicename with the name of the device listed previously

Powercfg -devicedisablewake “devicename
windows 7 sleep problem

You can also prevent devices from waking from the device manager. To do this, go to control panel > hardware and sound > and click on device manager (under the device and printers).

Expand the device you want to disable >  right click on it > Properties.

Under the power management tab, uncheck the allow this device to wake the computer.

Disabling devices to sleep

These above methods should solve your problem hopefully. If these didn’t help you, post me a comment and I will try to assist you for further help.
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Hacking Windows 7 Administrator Password

Windows operating system have a security vulnerability though which the admin password can be hacked so easily. This vulnerability might not have been observed by many of the Windows operating system users. So be careful when you allow someone to use you Windows PC.

 

win7default

 

Hacking Windows 7 Administrator Password

The following demonstration show you how the admin password of a Windows 7 PC can be easily hacked. This trick works in previous versions of the Windows 7 also. It may also work in Windows 8 unless the admin set a picture password.

 

Step 1: Right click on the ‘My Computer’ icon from the desktop.

 

Step 2: Click on the ‘Manage’ option from the context menu. A ‘Computer Management’ windows will be opened.

 

image

 

Step 3: Double click on ‘Local Users & Groups’ from the ‘System Tools’. It will show the users and groups like this,

 

image

 

Step 4: Double click on ‘Users folder’ to open the list of users. The list of accounts will be shown like this,

 

image

 

Step 5: Right click on the folder and click on ‘Set Password’ option from the context menu. A dialogue box will be opened warning about the password change issue. This look like this,

 

image 

Step 6: Clicking on ‘Proceed’ button closes the  warning window and new windows pops up asking for the ‘New Password’. It won’t asks the old password here. Take a look at the screenshot below.

 

image

 

By just entering a new password, the admin password can be easily changed. It just takes a couple of clicks. That’s all! What do you think of this feature in Windows 7? Is it safe or vulnerable? Comment your opinion below!

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How to make ISO file of your Windows 7 DVD

Keeping an ISO file of operating system’s DVDs as a backup in the computer is the second good thing to do where as buying original windows 7 DVD is the first one. If you still haven’t bought an original Windows 7 DVD, you can buy it from here,

 

Microsoft Windows 7 Home Basic 

Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium 32/64 Bit (Full Pack)

Microsoft Windows 7 Professional 32/64 Bit (Full Pack)

Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate 32/64 Bit (Full Pack)   

 

Making ISO file from DVD

After you get your windows 7 DVD in your hand, you need a tool. PowerISO is the handy tool that can be used to make ISO files. If you don’t have powerISO installed in your system, you may download and install a latest version from here.

 

You may use any other tool to make ISO file. If you are a novice better download and install powerISO and follow my instructions. Because in this article I’m going to explain the procedure regarding powerISO tool.

 

After you download and installed the powerISO tool,

 

1. Open the powerISO tool either from desktop shortcut( i.e.,created automatically during installation) or from the All Programs ( in case you are using windows vista/7/8) or from the programs( in case you are using XP). When opened it looks like this, ( later or future versions may have different UI).

 

How to make ISO file of your Windows 7 DVD | Amfas Tech

 

2. Click on Tools menu and choose Make CD/DVD/BD Image File.

How to make ISO file of your Windows 7 DVD | Amfas Tech

 

A window will be opened showing the DVD in the DVD ROM and destination file formats. Choose .iso file format and destination of the output file. Then click on OK button to start copying. Wait until the copying completes.

 

 

How to make ISO file of your Windows 7 DVD | Amfas Tech

 

 

3. After the copying completes, it will be seen like this,

 

How to make ISO file of your Windows 7 DVD | Amfas Tech

You’re done! .iso image file has been successfully created. You may use this file to make a bootable USB/DVD.

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