A Paper Presentation on Capsule Endoscopy - A novel approach for complete gastrointestinal diagnosis and BIOTELEMETRY


Endoscopy is a test that help physicians to diagnose diseased organs inside the human body .To examine the inside lining of the digestive tract, physicians usually employ Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. The terminology CAPSULE ENDOSCOPY refers to the use of Mouth to Anus (M2A) capsule to image and diagnose conditions associated with GI tract. The most reason for doing Capsule Endoscopy is to search for a cause of bleeding from deeper levels of GI tract like Small Intestine where traditional endoscopy is not possible to be carried out, since patients cannot ingest the whole Endoscope to the levels where examination is required. It may also be useful for detecting polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcers, and abnormal growths, gastrointestinal bleeding, Crohn’s disease and tumors of small intestine.

In short Capsule Endoscopy helps to completely evaluate the small intestine. In capsule endoscopy, the ingests the capsule endoscope and continues with their normal work, mean while the capsule transmits video signals to the sensors attached to the frontal part of the patient’s body which are further processed by the diagnostic system. The entire transmission events involved in the whole diagnostic process is governed by none other than the process named Biotelemetry, which literally means the measurement of biological parameters over a distance, where the means of transmitting data from the point of generation to the point of reception can take many forms. It plays an important role in instances in which it is necessary to monitor physiological events from distance like, radio transmission for monitoring astronauts in space and also in diagnostic processes like capsule endoscopy.

The present paper focuses on the mechanism of working of capsule endoscopy, its advantages over Traditional GI endoscopy and adds a note on process of biotelemetry, which is the principle behind the technology.
Keywords: capsule endoscopy, imaging, biotelemetry, transmission, evaluation, diagnosis, and intestine

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